Malaysia is divided into two components separated by the South China Sea. Recognized as Peninsular Malaysia or West Malaysia has 10 states and Federal Territory. East Part located at Borneo Island identified as Sabah and Sarawak. Land size about 329,847km² and bordering with six others country either by land or Ocean such as Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand, Brunei, Philippine and Vietnam. Coastlines covering about 4675km long and each state has their individual beach. Malaysia is classes as a maritime nation.
Malaysia got its independent from the British in 31st August 1957 but known as Federation of Malaya consist 10 states. Others states Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore joined Federation of Malaya on 16 September, 1963. Since that day, it’s known as Federation of Malaysia. Two years later, Singapore left the federation due different ideology and approach.
Table of Contents:
- List of States in Malaysia
- Malaysian Population
- Malaysian Currency
- Power Supply and Socket
- Weather in Malaysia
- Drinking and Buying Alcohol in Malaysia
- Visit Places of Religious
List States in Malaysia
Federal Territory area such Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya and Labuan was under direct administrator by Federal Government. Others states in Malaysia have the power to form laws relating to land, the Islamic religion law, forestry and public holidays. Police service, the Military, Hospitals, Schools and Judicial Systems is provided by the Federal Government.
- Federal Territory (Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya, Labuan)
- Pulau Pinang (Penang)
- Negeri Sembilan
- Total Population: 30 ± million (2014)
- Malaysian Citizen: 91.8%
- Non Citizen: 8.2%
Population by Ethnic Group:
- Malay and Bumiputra: 67.4%
- Chinese: 24.6%
- Indian: 7.3%
- Others: 0.7%
Population by Religion Group:
- Islam: 61.3%
- Buddhism: 19.8%
- Christian: 9.2%
- Hindu: 6.3%
- Others: 3.4%
- Male: 72.6%
- Female: 77.6%
- Average Fertility Rate: 2.1%
Malaysian Currency known as Ringgit Malaysia with the symbol MYR for International while symbol RM for local use. Bank notes comes with domination of 1,5,10,20,50 and 100. Coin domination 5 cents, 10 cents, 20 cents and 50 cents. All trading activity by cash must use Malaysian Currency. Credit Card, Charge Card and Debit Card generally accepted in well-known Mall. Get confirmation from small shop operator is any additional charges applies before made any purchase using a Credit Cards. Some of the established shop and Hotels also accept others foreign currencies such as USD, Pound, Yen and Euro, but the exchange rates much lower compared the market prices. With effective from 1st January 2010, all traveler entering or leaving Malaysia carry equivalent or more USD10,000 in Cash or Travel Cheques required to declare it by using the form Custom 22. The form was available at all Custom checkpoint. The best exchange rates for foreign currency is in Bukit Bintang Kuala Lumpur. Besides that tourist also can use the foreign account to withdraw the money to local currency by using ATM machine.
Power Supply and Socket
Power supply in Malaysia was generated by Hydroelectric, Gas, Coal Biomass and the latest by Hybrid for isolated Island. The power supply was provided by TNB (Tenaga National Berhad) Malaysia largest utility company with support from IPP (Independent Power Provider). Home electric appliances use 240v/50Hz power supply with 3 square plug or 2 round plug (Type G and C). Get the international travel plug adapter before you travel to Malaysia. Although the tourist able to buy it in the electrical or computer outlet in Kuala Lumpur, you might urgently charge your Mobile Phone or Camera Battery once check in the Hotel. International travel plug adapter prices around RM25 – RM80 depending the brand and function. Some adapter came with multifunction universal USB Port for charging Mobile Phone. All gadget should not leave for overnight charging.
Weather in Malaysia
Malaysia generally has uniform weather all year round with high humidity and lots of rainfall. Most of the time the heavy rain started in the late afternoon within 3.00 -5.00 pm and last within 45 minutes to 1½ hours. Average temperature within 26°C – 35°C with a humidity level 57° – 98ºon low land. On highlands such Cameron Highlands and Genting Highlands the weather much lower and less humid. Although the weather in Malaysia steadily throughout the year, some parts of the East coast states in Malaysia such Kelantan, Terengganu and Kelantan will receive more rain in November, December and January. Southeast states such part of Johor, Malacca and Negeri Sembilan will receive maximum rainfall on month of October and November. Northwest part of Malaysia such states of Perlis, Kedah and Perak, will have heavy rain in month January – February. Flash flood is quiet common in Kuala Lumpur during heavy rainfalls.
Religious in Malaysia
Before the arrival of any religion in the Malay Archipelago, the indigenous people practice Animism belief. Animism still been practiced by some tribe Indigenous people until today. Hinduism is the first religion that is embraced by society at that time. Islam religious was come by stage started from Terengganu states followed by Kedah.
Malaysia official religious is Islam from Mazhab Syafie. (Mazhab – adoption of legal view) Most of Muslim people practicing Islam Sunni, but there are a small number of Muslim in Malaysia followed Islam Syiah. Islam religious already established since 1300, the first Muslim ruler in Malaysia is from Kedah State, in 12th century Sultan Muzaffar Shah convert to Islam. The significantly impact the spread of Islam occurred when Pareswara embraced Islam after marrying the Princess Pasai. The main festival for Muslim community, Ramadan (Fasting Month), Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, Maulidur Rasul (birth of the prophet Muhammad)
Majority Chinese they are Buddhist, small number of them are Christian or Muslim.The main religious festival for Chinese Buddhist Malaysia is Chinese New Year, Chap Goh Mei, Ghost Month, Wesak Day.
Most Indian people they are Hindu, divided to others two category as Indian Muslim and Indian Christian. The main festival for Indian Hindu is Deepavali, Thaipusam and Pongal.
The first Christian religion was bought by Portuguese (Roman Catholic) in 1511, Dutch introduced Protestant in 1641 and British bring Anglican Christian 1786 in Penang Malaysia.
Malaysia official language is Bahasa Malaysia (Malay language). But English languages were widely adopted as the main language in the big city such Kuala Lumpur. English language was taught since the children at kindergarten until they at high school. English UK was used as formal English in school. For daily conversation, English US was also used due highly influence for TV show from United States. Roman script was used for signage and official writing letter. Malays language borrow quiet number of words from Sanskrit, Tamil, Arab and English languages such Putra, Jaya, Kedai, Bas, Klinik, Teksi, Kamera dan Menara.
Drinking and Buying Alcohol in Malaysia
Although Malaysia is a Muslim country, non-Muslims are free to sell and drink alcohol in public places. However, there is an understanding between Malaysian societies where alcohol is not consumed or taken into Muslim restaurants, residency area or villages. Besides Alcohol, others meals not served in Muslim Restaurants are Pork Meat, Dog Meat, Frog or anything that against Islam doctrine. Alcohol is easily available in urban cities such Kuala Lumpur, Ipoh and Johor Bahru as there are numerous non-Muslim communities living there. If tourists are traveling to the East Coast and North Malaysia as Kelantan, Terengganu and Kedah where majority communities is Muslim Alcohol only available on particular shop only. Alcohol Tax duty in Malaysia is the highest in Asia and the second highest in the World. There are two places in Malaysia alcohol is not taxed, Langkawi Island and Labuan Island.
Visit Place of Religious
Religious places like mosques and Temple into one of the must visits in Malaysia due to its unique architecture. As a place of worship, mosque, temple and church is a place revered by devotees. It is important for visitors to respect and understand the culture and faith of devotees. Visitors are advised to wear modest clothing, do not wear shorts and camisole. For visiting masjid, visitors are required to wear clothes that cover themselves, including the head. Some of the Masjid are open to tourist to visit where a robe and in house guide available. No shoes are allowed at all Mosque and Temple
Others Tourist Reference
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